Initially the editor-in-chief or handling editor assesses each manuscript to determine its suitability for publication. If he finds it suitable then he sends it to a referee for review and suggestions. If he does not find it suitable for consideration then he sends it back to the author to resend it after following the guidelines of the journal and incorporating the required information. If he finds it more unsuitable then he rejects it at this stage.
After passing through the review process, the manuscript is sent back to the author with suggestions for a thorough revision, amendment and correction, if needed. If a manuscript is found unsuitable by the referee then the information is passed to the author. The referee keeps in mind the ‘quality and suitability’ of the manuscript in order to recommend it to the editor-in-chief or handling editor for publication. Following are some of the important points taken into consideration:
- Title: Is the title of the paper adequate for the content, informative, concise, and clear?
- Abstract: Is it comprehensive by itself? Is the important and essential information of the paper included?
- References: Are appropriate and adequate references to related works covered sufficiently in the Works Cited section?
- Structure and length: Is the overall structure of the paper well organized and well balanced? Is it written with the minimum length necessary for all relevant information?
- Logic: Is it written clearly and correctly? Is it logically consistent?
- Literature Review: Is literature review adequate?
- Figures and tables: Are they essential and clearly presented?
- English: Is the language used in the paper readable and good enough to convey the scientific meaning correctly?
- Have Author Guidelines been followed properly in preparing it?
- Do the analysis and findings support objectives of the paper?
- Ethical issues: Is it not plagiarized in part or whole?
- Novelty and originality: Is the paper novel and original? Does it contain material that is new or adds significantly to knowledge already published?
- Importance and impact: Are the presented results of significant importance and impact to advancement in the relevant field of research? Is this paper likely to be cited in the future?
- Relevance: Is the paper scientifically sound and not misleading? Does it provide sufficient in-depth discussion or the understanding in view of its application?
The review process takes about three months after acknowledgement. It also depends on the availability of the reviewers.
The final decision to accept or reject a manuscript rests with the editor-in-chief.